What is a Community FireWise Group?
Community FireWise Groups (CFG) is a community development program designed by CFA Victoria and adopted by Arcadia Fire Brigade to help reduce the loss of lives and homes in bushfires. It assists community groups to develop bushfire survival strategies that suit their level of risk, lifestyle, environment and values.
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Surviving major bushfires
History shows that bushfires are extremely dangerous. If residents take responsibility for their bushfire safety and prepare themselves, they can reduce their risk.
While a community can do many things to improve safety and minimise loss from major bushfires, even well-prepared properties can become undefendable under certain conditions.
The RFS acknowledges the complexities of bushfire management, and assists Community FireWise Groups to develop survival strategies that consider various scenarios.
Community FireWise Groups
Community FireWise Groups are formed when residents of a local area choose to participate in the program. Groups are made up of neighbours or residents living in a shared bushfire risk environment. The program is suitable for all residents in bushfire risk areas, whether they are planning to leave early or stay to actively defend. It is for new residents or for those who have lived in the area a number of years. By working together with support from your local Fire Station, groups can develop survival strategies. Neighbours are often the first, and sometimes the only, assistance that residents can count on during a major bushfire. The RFS cannot guarantee every person and home with individual assistance during a major bushfire and recognises that many people may have to face a fire without the support of the Fire Services. By planning ahead, and actively participating in a CFG group, residents are able to develop strategies for themselves – strategies that have local ownership. Groups make decisions about the best way to protect themselves that fits their bushfire risk, lifestyle and environment.
Community FireWise program
The Community FireWise program has four core sessions:
- Introduction to the program and fire behaviour
- Understanding personal survival
- Understanding house survival
- Developing personal and household bushfire survival plans.
As part of these sessions, groups can go on street or property walks to help them identify risks and assess bushfire safety. Another key activity is to look at available fire protection equipment.
Importantly, the program is locally specific to street and individual property level.
Most groups will cover the core information in four to five meetings over 12 months. However, groups vary in experience and understanding so meetings are planned to meet the needs of the group.
Once the core program is completed groups are encouraged to meet annually supported by your local Fire Station. Involvement in the program is voluntary but participants are encouraged to make an on-going commitment and attend all meetings. New residents are welcome to join an established Community FireWise Group.
Benefits of participating
Research conducted after Black Saturday 2009 shows those residents who were regular members of CFG groups and actively participated were more likely to reduce their losses and have better emotional recovery following a bushfire. There are many benefits to being an active member of a CFG group including:
- Knowledge and understanding essential for developing a Bushfire Survival Plan
- Understanding property preparation
- Sharing of knowledge and bushfire experiences with others
- Physical and emotional support from neighbours during a bushfire
- Improved emotional recovery after a bushfire
- Building strong social networks with neighbours.
Every group focuses on its own special needs. Some additional activities and strategies may include:
- Organising neighbourhood working bees
- Becoming familiar with each other’s properties and fire fighting equipment in groups where a shared response is planned
- Making plans with the more vulnerable community members
- Establishing a telephone tree, a two-way radio network or a group email list to facilitate communication within the group
- Working out new ways to share information, such as the use of social network websites – Facebook and Twitter or RSS feeds through the RFS website
- Organising the bulk buying of personal protective clothing and equipment.
Groups draw on the support of their local Fire Station as required.
Participants are not RFS volunteers
It is not the role of Community FireWise Groups to become volunteer groups for the RFS. There is no expectation that Community FireWise Groups or individual participants will:
- Become RFS volunteer firefighters
- Engage in active fire fighting, beyond the protection of their own home and immediate surrounds
- Advise or direct others how to respond to the threat of fire
- Take responsibility for the safety of others in the group or wider community
- Guarantee to warn others of an impending threat of fire.
For more information about the Community FireWise Program or to find out how to establish a CFG group in the Arcadia, Berrilee or Fiddletown areas phone James Baird on 0415 969 900 or firstname.lastname@example.org
(With thanks to the CFA Victoria for the above text with amendments)